About the Journal
The Journal of Wildlife Diseases (JWD) is published quarterly by the Wildlife Disease Association (WDA). JWD is a primary tool used by the WDA in accomplishing its mission, to “acquire, disseminate, and apply knowledge of the health and diseases of wild animals in relation to their biology, conservation, and interactions with humans and domestic animals.” Access to the home page for the Journal of Wildlife Diseases is found here. For a listing of the JWD Editor, Assistant Editors, and Editorial Board, see this web page.

The JWD publishes reports of wildlife disease investigations, research papers, brief research notes, case and epizootic reports, review articles, and book reviews. The JWD publishes the results of original research and observations dealing with all aspects of infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, developmental and neoplastic diseases, environmental contamination, and other factors impinging on the health and survival of free-living or occasionally captive populations of wild animals, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Papers on zoonoses involving wildlife and on chemical immobilization of wild animals are also published. Manuscripts dealing with surveys and case reports may be published in the Journal provided that they contain significant new information or have significance for better understanding health and disease in wild populations. Authors are encouraged to address the wildlife management implications of their studies, where appropriate.

Additional information on The Journal of Wildlife Disease (JWD) may be found here.

A list of JWD editors can be found here.
Press Release

The health of wildlife, domestic species and human beings, and the environments that support them (One Health), has been a focus of the Wildlife Disease Association for more than 50 years. The January 2013 issue 49(1) of Journal of Wildlife Diseases has several articles with significant conservation and wildlife management interest of which we would like to make you aware.

Lynx and Toxoplasma: In Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Canadian Lynx (Lynx Canadensis) in Western Quebec, Canada a team of researchers lead by Audrey Simon compared factors that may explain a significant drop in apparent toxoplasma infection rate between similar samples from 1997 (36%) and 2009-10 (14%). Their findings did not support human population density as a proxy for domestic cat density as a factor, but did support cyclic snowshoe hare population decline and attendant lower lynx survival. Other abiotic influences could not be ruled out.

Goldfinches as ‘Typhiod Mary’’ ? Based on results of a series of experimental exposures, Andre Dohnt and a team from Cornell University answer the question Can American Goldfinches Function as Reservoirs for Mycoplasma gallisepticum? with a clear ‘yes’.

Tamiflu and AI shedding: Swedish researchers provide observations on the influence of route of avian influenza (AI) virus exposure and three dosage levels of active metabolites of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) on the course of infection and pathology seen in Pathobiology of Virus Shedding of Low- Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (A/H1N1) in Mallards Exposed to Oseltamivir.

The $64,000 Question: With evidence accumulating that wild waterfowl can be carriers of potentially lethal avian influenza virus, Infectivity of Avian Influenza Virus Positive Field Samples for Mallards: What Do Our Diagnostic Results Mean? has become a significant question. A group of researchers led by Justin Brown and Dave Stallknecht from University of Georgia show that if field samples are collected, handled, and stored appropriately, there should be few false negative virus isolation results. They also show that not all field samples that are RT-PCR or virus positive can actually infect mallards, and that some virus positive field samples that were infectious for mallards had virus levels much lower than those commonly used in infectious challenge studies. So, field strains of AI virus may be more infectious than research strains that are egg adapted.

Hoppy has Herpes: Australian researchers from University of Melbourne and Center for AriBiosciences report Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Herpes Virus from a Free-ranging Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Marcopus giganteus). The kangaroo had respiratory and neurologic disease; the virus was genetically distinct from other alphaherpesviruses isolated from kangaroos, and is apparently a previously undescribed pathogen.

Chytrid Disease of Frogs May Drive Slow Declines: Ana Longo and a team mostly from Cornell University followed a population of coqui frogs in Puerto Rico for 10 yr. They show that, in the cool dry season there may be Lability in Host Defenses: Terrestrial Frogs Die from Chytridiomycosis under Enzootic Conditions.

For access to the full articles see Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(1) or contact the wda.manager@gmail.com